We remain open to provide care for your pets. We are following the direction of government and regulatory authorities and have implemented hospital and visit protocols to keep both you and our team safe. For regular updates on our hours and visit protocols, please follow our social media platforms.


Dog Skin Care

Skin is the biggest organ of the body, and its primary function is defence! Environmental elements, food, parasites, and hormonal conditions have the ability to weaken this defence system. By learning to detect early symptoms, many diseases of the skin can be treated and controlled.

What are the causes, symptoms & diagnosis of bacterial skin infections?

A bacterial infection causes one of the most common skin conditions. Bacterial infections may be secondary to an allergic reaction, from both environmental and food exposures. When the skin barrier weakens and breaks, it allows for bacteria to invade. The symptoms of this condition may include but are not limited to red, raised, moist patches, which are itchy and uncomfortable to your pet. This condition is diagnosed through a physical exam, as well as a microscopic examination of skin samples collected from affected areas and examined under a microscope.

What are the causes, symptoms & diagnosis of ringworm?

Did you know that ringworm is not a worm? It is a fungus that is zoonotic, meaning it can be transmitted from animal to human, or human to animal. The symptoms of this condition include red, raised lesions usually in the shape of a circle. These lesions are usually itchy and may cause hair loss at ear tips and on the flank. This condition is diagnosed through a physical exam and is confirmed with a fungal culture. Certain ringworm species will glow neon yellow under a UV light.

What are the causes and treatment for allergic skin diseases?

Allergic skin disease is a chronic yet controllable condition. During an allergic reaction, mast cells release an agent called histamine which causes flare-ups of the skin. These flare-ups can be presented as red bumpy skin, consistent licking of the feet and belly and the possibility of ear infections. This condition is diagnosed through a physical exam, followed by treatments of underlying infection and the potential of a dietary food trial to help pinpoint the allergen.

What are the causes and treatment for parasitic skin diseases?

A parasite is any living thing that lives in or on another living organism. Parasites depend on their host for food and shelter and may spend their entire life on that host. With parasitic skin disease, specific parasites such as Demodex live their entire lifecycle in the hair follicles of their host. You can see the disease in two forms: localized in a small area, or generalized where the majority of the body is involved. Symptoms include hair loss, reddening of the skin, scabbing, crusts, and sometimes itchy skin. Secondary skin infections can be caused by the damage done by mites. Diagnosing parasitic skin diseases are done by examining debris from skin scraping under the microscope.

What are the causes and treatment for hormonal skin diseases?

Hormones are chemical messengers that have many different functions and are wide ranging throughout the body. Specific organs such as the pituitary glands and thyroid gland when off-balance, can cause a broad range of skin disease in dogs. Hypothyroidism is caused by a reduction in the thyroid hormone. Symptoms include dryness, excessive shedding, sporadic regrowth of hair, hair thinning and hair loss (usually bilateral) on the stomach, thighs, tail and neck. An overactive pituitary gland may cause signs of hair loss, darkening of the skin, secondary skin infections, flaky or greasy skin, and thinning of the skin. Diagnosing these conditions starts with a physical exam, followed by recommended blood work panels.


Upcoming Clinic Events - September 2019

We have some exciting events coming up here at the clinic! Check them out below. 

Read More
See All Articles

COVID-19: Additional measures we are taking

Dear Clients,

Due to the close contact that our work requires, we have taken additional measures to protect you and our team while providing care for your furry family members.

The following changes are effective as of Monday, March 23, 2020:

1. We are currently operating a “closed waiting room” policy to protect our clients and staff. When you arrive, please remain in your vehicle and use your cell phone to call us at 416.423.3042. We will take a history from outside of your vehicle, and bring your pet into the clinic for an examination with the veterinarian. We will then return to your vehicle with your pet to discuss our recommended treatment plan.

2. We are continuing to accept appointments for urgent or sick pets, as well as time-sensitive puppy/kitten vaccinations. All other services will be scheduled for a later time.

3. We are still OPEN with the following hours: Monday to Friday: 9:00 am - 5:00 pm, & closed Saturday to Sunday

4. If you are ordering food or medications, please allow 2-4 business days as our suppliers are dealing with increased demand and are trying to fill orders as quickly as possible. We will advise you as soon as your order arrives. Please call us when you arrive to pick up your order, but do not enter the hospital. Our staff will bring your order to your car and take payment over the phone.

5. For the time being, we are not accepting cash as payment. Credit cards and debit card payments are still available.

6. Online consultations are now available! If you wish to connect with a veterinarian via message, phone or video, visit our website and follow the "Online Consultation" link.

7. Following the recommendations of our government and medical experts, we are doing our best to practice social distancing within the constraints of our roles. As such, we have taken measures to avoid both contracting and facilitating the spread of this virus.

Thank you for helping us be diligent for everyone's safety. As we have heard from all levels of government, the situation is fluid and any updates will be provided as changes occur.

- Your dedicated team at Coxwell Animal Clinic